What are the technical terms one should know while opting for estate planning?

What are the technical terms one should know while opting for estate planning?

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What is Estate planning?

Estate planning is deciding who will get your assets, estate, and personal belongings upon death. This includes deciding how much of your assets or property you want to give to each beneficiary. While planning your estate, you can also name the person who’ll manage your resources and assets and can have power of attorney both financially and health-wise. 

This person can make decisions on your behalf and is ultimately responsible for taking care of your assets. One can plan an Estate with the help of an attorney who specializes in Estate law and has experience while doing Estate planning. Now, let’s understand some technical terms of estate planning that you should know. 

Technical terms related to estate planning that you should know

Technical terms one should know while opting for estate planning include:

Estate

This refers to all the inventory, assets, properties, and other personal belongings such as bank accounts, insurances, and financial investments that a person has entitled to own at the time of his passing or incapacitation.

Executor

A person assigned by the signer is known as Executor. He will be responsible for executing the instructions written in the will. As well as managing the assets and properties, the executor was responsible for distributing them to the beneficiaries.

Beneficiaries’ roles

This person or entity receives the assets or properties mentioned in the will or trust.

Will as important terms

Will is a legal document that intends to declare how one wants his personal belongings, properties, and assets to be distributed. It also specifies to whom after their demise. 

And the list of important technical terms of estate planning will go as: 

Trust 

Trusts are the legal entity that will assume ownership of or own some assets after a certain triggering event. A trust involves information on how assets in the trust should be handled and distributed.

Testator

The person signing the drafted will and transferring their property and assets is known as Testator.

Trustee 

A person or institution is responsible for managing and distributing the assets as per the instructions in the trust.

Grantor

A Grantor is a person transferring his estate through a trust.

Probate 

Probate is the legal process by which a probate court distributes the assets and the properties of the estate of a deceased according to state laws. 

Advance directive

This is a document in which a person expresses his wishes regarding medical treatment in case of incapacitation. It acts as medical power of attorney.

Intestate 

Having not make a legal and valid will before his death.

Deed

One signs a legal document and deliverss regarding the ownership of property or legal rights.

Living trust 

It is a legal arrangement that allows someone to give their assets to a trust while they’re still alive but also allows them control over these assets.

Testamentary trust 

A testamentary trust is a kind of legal arrangement that takes place upon the death of an individual. 

Guardian 

A person legally responsible for taking care of someone who is either a minor or has some disability can’t take care of himself. You can appoint a Guardian for your children or pets in your estate planning documents.

Inheritance 

It refers to passing on assets and properties from one generation to the next. Generally, this happens after the death of the person.

Incapacitated 

A person unable to manage his affairs is known as incapacitated.

Power of Attorney 

Power of Attorney refers to a person or an agent you can assign to act on your behalf. This gives the person the legal authority to manage your finances, property, real estate, or any other financial transaction on your behalf. This type of PoA is revocable till the person who chooses the PoA is mentally and physically capable of doing so.

Fiduciary 

This is a person responsible for managing the assets for the benefit of another person and who himself gets no benefit from the Management of the assets.

Conclusion  

Through this article, you will become more aware of the technical terms of estate planning that you should know, and thus you will become more familiar with the terms and meaning of these technical terms. 

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